Full entry, which was replaced by a suggestion my leaving had someeething to do with the Demetrius column, is defamatory. I am sure no one at UBM would ever do that. But who. Interesting.
BYTE Vol 1. No. 4, cover dated December 1975
|First issue||September 1975|
|Final issue||July 1998|
|Website||ISSN||microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage. Whereas many magazines from the mid-1980s had been dedicated to the MS-DOS (PC) platform or the Mac, mostly from a business or home user's perspective, Byte covered developments in the entire field of "small computers and software", and sometimes other computing fields such as supercomputers and high-reliability computing. Coverage was in-depth with much technical detail, rather than user-oriented. The Byte name and logo continued to exist as of 2011, but as an online publication only, with different emphasis.
BYTE started in 1975, shortly after the first personal computers appeared as kits advertised in the back of electronics magazines. BYTEwas published monthly, with an initial yearly subscription price of $10.
How BYTE started
In 1975 Wayne Green was the editor and publisher of 73 (an amateur radio magazine) and his ex-wife, Virginia Londner Green, was the Business Manager of 73 Inc. In the August 1975 issue of 73 magazine Wayne's editorial column started with this item:
Byte's first editor was Carl Helmers and in the first anniversary issue he wrote: "BYTE began with its first issue dated September 1975. That first issue was assembled from scratch in seven weeks of hectic activity starting May 25, 1975."
Byte was published by a new company, Green Publishing, which was wholly owned by Virginia Green, who had kept the surname after her divorce ten years earlier. Because she started Green Publishing and Byte Magazine with limited capital, which she borrowed from her family, much of the work of the early issues was sub-contracted to various individuals and companies, mostly in the Monadnock Region of New Hampshire. 73 Magazine, which had excess staff capacity, did much of the "paste-up" of the magazine pages for the first 4 issues under sub-contract from Virginia Green. In 3 of those first 4 issues, without permission or authority, Wayne Green inserted his name and the title of Publisher just before the final page "boards" were sent to the printer. After the third occurrence, Virginia Green removed all work in progress from the 73 premises and used other sub-contractors and her own growing Byte staff.
A 1985 Folio magazine article suggested that "One day in November 1975 Wayne came to work and found that the Byte magazine staff had moved out and taken the January issue with them." This Folio article quoting Wayne Green was the genesis of libel actions by Virginia Green against both Folio and Wayne Green in the New Hampshire Superior Court inManchester. Folio had never attempted to corroborate Wayne Green's statements with Virginia Green, Carl Helmers, or the law firm that organized Virginia Green's publishing company to publish, inter alia, Byte Magazine. Both Folio and Wayne Green settled before trial with large payments to Virginia Green.
The January 1976 issue has Virginia Green listed as Publisher.
Virginia Green Williamson's second husband, attorney Gordon Williamson, wrote a book contending that Wayne Green's role in founding Byte was minimal and that litigation between the parties was settled against Wayne Green's interests. See "See Wayne Run. Run, Wayne, Run." (Barkley, 1988).
The February 1976 issue of Byte has a short story about the move. "After a start which reads like a romantic light opera with an episode or two reminiscent of the Keystone Cops, BYTE magazine finally has moved into separate offices of its own."
In the autumn of 1976 Wayne Green announced the planned launch of a computer magazine called Kilobyte. Byte quickly trademarked KILOBYTE as a cartoon series in Byte magazine as the first of a planned family of trademarks based upon the original "Byte" trademark. A trademark infringement lawsuit in US Federal Court in Concord, New Hampshire by Byte against Wayne Green and Kilobyte was settled with Green changing the name of his proposed magazine to Kilobaud before the first issue was produced. Byte magazine's policy was not to mention competitors in its pages, including Wayne Green's publications. There continued to be competition and animosity between Byte Publications and 73 Inc., both located in the small town of Peterborough, New Hampshire.
The early years
Byte was able to attract advertising and articles from many well-knowns, soon-to-be-well-knowns, and ultimately-to-be-forgottens in the growing microcomputer hobby. Articles in the first issue (September, 1975) included Which Microprocessor For You? by Hal Chamberlin, Write Your Own Assembler by Dan Fylstra and Serial Interface by Don Lancaster. Advertisements from Godbout, MITS, Processor Technology, SCELBI, and Sphere appear, among others.
Early articles in Byte were do-it-yourself electronic or software projects to improve small computers. A continuing feature was Ciarcia's Circuit Cellar, a column in which electronic engineer Steve Ciarcia described small projects to modify or attach to a computer (later spun off to become the magazine embedded computer applications). Significant articles in this period included the Kansas City standard for data storage on audio tape, insertion of disk drives into S-100 computers, publication of source code for various computer languages (Tiny C, BASIC, assemblers), and breathless coverage of the first microcomputer operating system, CP/M. Byte ran Microsoft's first advertisement, as "Micro-Soft", to sell a BASIC interpreter for 8080-based computers.
Growth and change
||This section may contain original research. Please verifying the claims made and adding references. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed. More details may be available on the talk page. (January 2008)|
End of the printed magazine, and online publication
See alsoMC die microcomputer-zeitschrift (magazine), a former German magazine similar to Byte.
- ^ Valery, Nicholas (May 19, 1977). . New Scientist (London: Reed Business Information) 74 (1052): pp. 405–406. ISSN "Byte magazine, the leading publication serving the homebrew market …"
- ^ ^ Green, Wayne (August 1975). . 73 Amateur Radio (179): 2. Retrieved 2007-10-09.
- ^ Carlson, Walter (January 1985). . Folio: The Magazine for Magazine Management. Retrieved 2008-01-16."Green relates that when he arrived at the office one day in November 1975, when the fifth issue was in the works, he found that everything had been moved out--the shoeboxes, the back issues, the articles and the bank account--by his general manager, who also happened to be his first wife, from whom he was divorced in 1965."
- ^ "McGraw-Hill to Sell Information Group to CMP Media". The New York Times. Reuters: p. D.3. May 6, 1998. "The McGraw-Hill Companies agreed yesterday to sell its Information Technology and Communications Group, which includes Byte and other computer magazines, to CMP Media Inc. for $28.6 million."
- ^ Napoli, Lisa (June 1, 1998). "New Owners of Byte Suspend Publication". The New York Times: p. D.4. "Byte's circulation has fallen to a recent average of 442,553 from 522,795 in 1996. Advertising has also fallen. In January, for example, Byte published only 61.5 ad pages, less than half the number of pages the magazine had in 1996."
- ^ ^ Tom R. Halfhill, on his personal website]
- ^ ^ ^ http://www.amazon.com/101-Computer-Answers-Need-Know/dp/1562763393/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1325565182&sr=8-1
- ^ http://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/187590
- ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ http://typepad.ginasmith.com
- ^ http://typepad.ginasmith.com
- ^ ^ ^ http://www.informationweek.com/byte/commentary/personal-tech/desktop-os/231700019
- ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ http://civilination.org